Quick-Disconnect Type Mooring

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Quick disconnect mooring system: pipe spud and gripper jaws
Figure 1 – Dock Disconnected from Mooring

HEGER developed the “Quick-Disconnect” type mooring system for docks which are required break from its mooring location frequently which may be the case if the dock has to translate to its submergence berth or is utilized in transfer and launch operations. The system is comprised or a pipe spud and a gripper jaw system.

Pipe mooring spud side view
Figure 2 – Mooring Pipe Spud Locked in Gripper Jaw

The geometry of the pipe mooring spud in combination which the gripper jaw configuration provide a natural “self-centering” feature which allows operators to safely guide the large floating dry dock into the mooring housing with ease.

Animation of quick disconnect docking and undocking
Figure 3 – Evolution of Quick-Disconnect Mooring System

Once the dock is maneuvered into the position, series of locking pins are secured through the gripper jaws and the dock is secured.

The pins are usually inserted with the aid of a fork lift or chain fall system.

Chain fall for mooring pin insertion
Figure 4 – Locking Pin and Chain Fall System

If constructed to the specified tolerances and alignment, the clearances between the mooring spud pipe and the bearing pads are sufficient to allow the dock to trim and list, during docking evolutions, without binding. A lot clearances also allow the dock to grow and shrink, within the mooring system, as environmental temperatures fluctuate through the course of a day or year.

Rubber bearing pads of quick disconnect mooring system
Figure 5 – Bearing Pads on Mooring Gripper

The bearing pads are also typically designed in with a flexible rubber pad to dampen the effects of dynamic loads such as wave action or seismic activity.

Mooring Design
Tee Type Mooring